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Being reflective is a desirable skill as it shows you want to continually improve your practice.

5 things you need to know...

1. What is reflection?  You reflect when you give ‘serious thought’ to a situation you have experienced.

2. Why reflect? Reflection helps you avoid making the same mistakes over and over again.  It gives you an opportunity to think deeply about a specific subject/issue and to investigate it, so that next time you encounter the same situation you can be ‘better’ in what you do.

3. What does reflection involve? Questioning – investigating – action planning.  Looking at events through the eyes of others.

4. Is there a structure to reflection?  Various models can be used to help you structure and clarify your ideas.  Popular ones are the Driscoll Reflective Model (2010) or Gibbs (1998) but there are many others.  The choice of model depends of the type of reflection (e.g. action orientated, process driven or personal feelings).

5. How does it support my development? Reflection should lead to action planning.  What have you learnt from your investigation?  How can you improve your performance in a similar situation next time?

Need to know more...

We have produced resources to help you to develop your skills in this area.  You will find a factsheet on this topic below, plus others you may find useful.  See also the Online and Books tabs above.  

Related factsheets

Refelction4learning (nd) Why Reflect.    [Accessed: 13 September 2018]

Need more advice?

You can also discuss your development of this skill with a member of the Academic Skills Team.

Make an appointment for an online discussion or email support  by using our online booking form.

Personalising your device and using assistive tools

There are many assistive technology tools which can help you choose how you want to access material and these can really improve your productivity.

The University has made some applications available on the student PCs within the library and IT Centres; others are free for you to download and use on your own devices (phone, tablet, laptop or computer) .  Find out more on our personalising standard software guide and our assistive tools and software guide.