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Information Literacy Guide

Learn all about different sources of information


Welcome to the world of Information in higher education!

Maybe you are feeling a bit overwhelmed by the vast amount of information suddenly available to you? Don't worry, we can help you.
In this guide, we'll take a look at some really useful resources and strategies to help you navigate through with ease. We'll work on sharpening your skills in evaluating, accessing, and using information from different sources.

One of the key things we'll focus on is how to spot reliable sources. It's super important to make sure the information you're using for your studies is top quality. This way, you'll make well-informed choices and develop critical thinking skills along the way.

Whether you're starting a research project, writing an essay, or just expanding your knowledge, the Library and Academic Skills team is here to equip you with the knowledge and tools you need to succeed academically. Let's make a start!

Researching and selecting a Source of Information

Information literacy is the ability to identify, evaluate, access, use, and ethically create and share information effectively. It involves a set of skills, competencies and attitudes that enable individuals to navigate the vast and complex information landscape of the digital age. Information literacy encompasses the following key elements:

  1. Information Identification: The ability to recognise information needs, define research questions, and understand where and how to find relevant information.

  2. Information Evaluation: The critical assessment of information sources for their credibility, accuracy, reliability, and relevance to a specific purpose or task.

  3. Information Access: The capacity to locate and retrieve information from various sources, including libraries, databases, the internet, and other repositories.

  4. Information Use: The skill to apply and integrate information into one's work, whether it's for academic, professional, or personal purposes.

  5. Ethical Use of Information: A commitment to using information ethically, respecting copyright, citing sources appropriately, and avoiding plagiarism.

  6. Information Synthesis: The ability to combine and synthesise information from multiple sources to generate new insights or create original content.

  7. Information Communication: Effectively conveying information to others through various means, such as written, oral, or visual communication.

Information Literacy graphic

Figure 1: The 7 key elements of Information Literacy.









Information literacy is crucial in an era of information overload and misinformation, as it empowers individuals to make informed decisions, engage in critical thinking, and participate effectively in a knowledge-driven society. It is a fundamental skill for lifelong learning and success in academic, professional, and personal endeavours.