There are five main areas where you could be found guilty of plagiarism.
Plagiarism can be accidental as well as deliberate! Look through the tips below to understand what is involved in each type and how you can avoid plagiarising
Types of copying are
Circumstances in which lack of attribution or acknowledgement of sources can occur
It is important to distinguish between quotations taken from material you have read and your own thoughts and words. Make sure that you do not copy any sections of text without making it clear that this work comes from another source.
If you do include short quotes these must be within double quotation marks ("text quoted") and you must give the reference within the text including the page number.
Longer quotes should be separated from the body of your text and indented from the left-hand margin. In this case you do not need to use quotation marks. Again you must add the citation, including the page number.
Sometimes you may want to miss out some unnecessary words. If you do this replace the missing words with ... (three dots). At other times you may want to insert your own words into the quote so that it makes better grammatical sense in your work. When you do this write the words you added in [square brackets] to distinguish them from the author's.
In both these cases be careful not to change the meaning of the quote by removing or adding too many words.
Paraphrasing means incorporating the ideas from an author’s text into your own work. You must paraphrase if you want to include ideas from other authors to support your own ideas. Paraphrasing demonstrates that you have understood the ideas you have read and are able to use them successfully in your own thinking. Poor paraphrasing often happens when students don't fully understand the text.
When you paraphrase you will also normally aim to condense the original text into fewer words that convey the idea equally well. Look at the whole paragraph rather than paraphrasing single sentences.
Tips for paraphrasing
Collusion happens when two or more students collaborate to produce a piece of work which is then submitted as though it was an individual student’s own work. Where students in a class are specifically instructed or encouraged to work together in the preparation or submission of an assignment, such group activity is regarded as approved collaboration and this will be clearly stated.
Where there is a requirement for the submitted work to be solely that of the individual, collaboration is not permitted.
Tips to avoid Collusion
Deception can take many forms - sometimes involving money. This list is not exhaustive.
DO NOT BE TEMPTED TO USE ANY OF THESE METHODS AS DECEPTION IS A SERIOUS OFFENCE.