1. Be clear about the area you want to research - You need a specific title, aims and objectives.
2. Decide on what you need to read - Set yourself some constraints (inclusion criteria) for instance think about: date published, country of origin, which websites are valid?
3. Write in the academic style - You are stating what other people have found out about a particular subject, consequently you will be including lots of citations in your work, and will have a substantial reference list.
4. Use the correct format.
- Introduction - Why this subject is important to investigate?
- Methodology (or inclusion/exclusion criteria) - What have you have done to find published work? Why did you choose to read the work you did? Why did you reject some authors? Where did you look for information? Why?
- Findings - What have you found out? Plan your work into a logical sequence.
- Be critical - Highlight exemplary studies. Are there authors who you think are more scientific than others, more relevant to your objectives? Do some authors deserve more credence than others? Are there gaps in the research? Justify your comments.
- Conclusion - After doing all the research what do you conclude? What is the current thinking?
5. Contact your Subject Librarian who can help you to develop an effective search strategy.