Skip to Main Content

Studying at University

Learning styles: Things you need to know...

We are individual in the way we learn, remember and revise facts. Recognising your preferred learning styles may lead you to be a more effective learner.  Once you are aware of the different learning methods you can plan your learning to include them:

One major theorist is Fleming (2001):

who said individuals learn by a combination of Seeing (Visual), Listening (Aural), Writing and Experiencing (Practising).  So an individual does a combination of these 4 activities to learn. 

  • Visual/Seeing.  Preferred activities: thinks in pictures; likes visual aids such as overhead slides, diagrams, handouts, pictures, graphics.
  • Aural/Listening. Preferred activities: lectures, tapes, discussions, group discussion, web chat,   speaking out aloud and speaking to yourself.
  • Read/Write.  Preferred activities: Information displayed as words, reading, likes lists and journals.
  • Kinaesthetic/ExperiencingPreferred activities: moving, touching, and doing active exploration; science projects; experiments, demonstrations, simulations

Honey and Mumford (1995) have also categorized learning styles into Reflector, Activist, Pragmatist and Theorist:

  • Reflector  learns through observation, thinking, practising before doing
  • Activist – learns through role playing, talking, practising and trying out things
  • Pragmatist – needs to know the link between theory and practice, likes practical problems.
  • Theorist – likes ideas, research, reading before applying research to a problem.

Spend a little time finding out what your preferred learning style is.We have other resources under the tabs on the right which might help you discover how best you like learning.



Need to know more...